Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Showcasing STRATEGIES ASSIGNMENT Ã¢â¬Å"TATA ACEÃ¢â¬ CASE STUDY 1) Why do we feel Tata Motors was focusing on LCV (Light Commercial Vehicle) portion under business section for TATA ACE? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ Better parkway frameworks like the Golden Quadrilateral implied that Commercial vehicles in 45+ Tons could convey mass burdens covering enormous separations in shorter time and at lower per ton per km cost. Government additionally approached the undertaking of improving street arrange between medium estimated urban areas and furthermore fabricating all climate tertiary street organize covering rustic towns-just littler and rough vehicles could work on these streets ( Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadhak Yojana).Increased blockage and contamination in the greater part of the urban areas constrained the legislature to manage the development of Large/Heavy trucks (bigger than four tons) in the urban areas. Goodbye engines considered the above essential factors in deciding the requirement fo r huge business vehicles for the roadways and littler sub 4 Ton classification business vehicle for working on both Inter city/Town and Intra city street network.Ruling out the chance of growing huge business vehicles because of the significant expense of improvement and dreading loss of incomes from their specialty standard size truck section, Tata engines chose to create TATA ACE focusing on the Light Commercial Vehicle Segment. Additionally helping their choice procedure were some key strategy activities: Ã¢â¬ Discouraging the utilization of Old. Contaminating and uneconomical vehicles Scrapping of >15 years old vehicles Ban on over-burdening of vehicle. ) Highlight the Key result of Market Research which was directed before propelling TATA ACE and do we think there was a hole which can be tended to by a Product like TATA ACE? Statistical surveying including meeting of more than 4000 truck and three wheeler administrators over the length and broadness of the nation featured t he accompanying needs, however there was an area which opined that even a three wheeler under TATA pennant would be invited by the market: (I) Owning cost of the vehicle ought not surpass INR 200,000/(ii) Fuel Efficiency. Diminish Ã¢â¬Å"per ton per kmÃ¢â¬ cost. iii) Maneuverability of three wheeler yet with more elevated level of a. Wellbeing b. Strength c. Roughness d. Unwavering quality e. Higher payload f. Solace of a four wheeled truck. (iv) And at long last Ã¢â¬Å"Personal MotivationÃ¢â¬ to drive a four wheeler to upgrade the status of administrators in the general public and in this way make transportation business people . Goodbye Motors tended to all the key prerequisites of the market with TATA ACE, A four wheeler with affordable evaluating, Fuel Efficient motor, pay heap of 1750 kgs and inherent security highlights including upgraded comfort. ) How was Segmentation and Targeting accomplished for TATA ACE? As a Functional division, Tata engines concluded that the ACE would address the range of LCV to ship 750 Ã¢â¬ 1500 kgs more than 100-200 kms and position it between the Rickshaws/Cart and Pick up trucks; meeting the utilitarian needs of various clients. They likewise further divided this useful portioned clients into four gatherings viz. , Ã¢â¬ Performance delicate (7%) o Interested in status, Brand picture and speed o Willing to follow through on greater expenses for highlights Current proprietors/administrators of bigger SUVs or vehicles. Ã¢â¬ Balanced point of view (25%) o Return on Investment o Comfort and highlights o Owners Ã¢â¬ Entrepreneurs o Purchasing three wheeler, because of nonattendance of another option. Ã¢â¬ Return on Investment delicate (55%) o Per Ton per Km cost o No incentive for Non-financial buy contemplations o Generally armada proprietors/administrators who employed drivers Ã¢â¬ Acquisition cost obliged (13%) o Lacked credit o Could not bear the cost of for somewhat costly vehicles. o Prefer three wheelerFinally they recognized a gathering that couldn't bear the cost of any mechanized vehicle; utilizing bullock and pony trucks, cycle carts, manual force trucks. Anyway this gathering after some time can go up and be a TATA ACE client. In view of practical and client division and furthermore considering possible development of the market , TATA Motors evaluated and focused on: Ã¢â¬ 45% of the ACEÃ¢â¬â¢s clients wanting to buy 3 Wheeler Ã¢â¬ 15% from potential pickup and LCV buyers Ã¢â¬ and 40% from first time CV buyers. 4) Explain the Marketing Mix 4P's [Product, Price, Place, Promotion] technique adjusted for TATA ACE?Product: TATA ACE was intended to address three significant client needs as far as item ie. , Ã¢â¬ Overloading ability Ã¢â¬ 2 chamber water cooled motor, in view of the demonstrated Indica diesel motor Ã¢â¬ Safety, Comfort and tasteful contemplations Price: Though the cost obviously was higher at ' 225,000 as against ' 100,000-200,000, they tended to the Per ton per km cost. Goodbye Ace would cost Rs. 6. 70 for conveying one ton of merchandise over per km as against '7. 88, their closest rival could offer and section normal of ' 8. 54. Place:Tata engines chose to turn out in stage starting with 5 states in Western and Southern pieces of India; where the interest for three wheelers were high. They likewise benchmarked dispersion arrange against two and three wheeler vendor organize. In light of the information, they grew new business group called 1S (Sales), as against customary 3S vendor organize. Each current Tata Motors 3S Dealer (Sales, Service and Spares) was required to set up 8 to 20 1S habitats in their locale and staff them with existing workers. Inside 3 months 300 new circulation focuses were set up.Promotion: Tata engines utilized both Print and TV media to position and advance the item. Ã¢â¬ Chota Hathi Ã¢â¬ Symbol of Power, Reliability and Ã¢â¬Å"MiniÃ¢â¬ item A kid racing to class, Wife seeing off for the afternoon, Off to Work in Tata Ace and Going to School in Tata Ace. Additionally their situating articulations viz. , o IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s first Mini truck o Small is Big o Stability and Trust of large truck o Economic freedom o Feel great about punch o Transportation at the last mile 5) What is the present pattern of TATA ACE. Who are their rivals and recommend a future advances taken for TATA ACE?Present day contenders are : Ã¢â¬ Mahindra Gio Ã¢â¬ Mahindra Maxximo Ã¢â¬ Piagio Ape Mini Truck Force Trump Minidor. A couple of steps proposed for TATA ACE to keep on being the top dealer are: Ã¢â¬ Continue to advance and ring in changes to make the vehicle more eco-friendly. Increment motor torque to show execution in sloping areas Continue to control expenses and offer serious cost to clients Increase Go Green activity with increment in ENG and Electric drive variations Target trade advertise forcefully; with the two highlights and better evaluating.
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 5:12 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Shutting a Project Projects are by definition, impermanent undertaking with initiation and closure periods. Wysocki (2012) recognized task conclusion as the fifth procedure bunch in PMLC where the last item got from the undertaking is introduced to the customer as indicated by details. The topic of Ã¢â¬Å"how all around did you do? Ã¢â¬ will be replied when customer favors of the yield, resource/yield gets introduced, review tests post-usage status and a last report submitted. We will compose a custom article test on Undertakings Closure or on the other hand any comparable subject just for you Request Now The clientÃ¢â¬â¢s acknowledgment of a venture deliverable is a significant achievement as it gets under way a key action called Ã¢â¬Å"closureÃ¢â¬ which successfully finishes the undertaking life cycle. (Wysocki, 2012) additionally distinguished shutting a procedure that includes the accompanying achievements: I. Getting customer acknowledgment ii. Guaranteeing that all expectations are introduced iii. Guaranteeing that documentation is set up iv. Getting customer approve the last report v. Directing post-usage review vi. Commending the achievement Customer Acceptance Ã¢â¬ As a key trigger for venture conclusion and a significant achievement to each PM, customer acknowledgment means that undertaking yield meets details and accordingly, finishes the Ã¢â¬Å"temporary endeavourÃ¢â¬ called venture. At this stage, the task expectations are checked on and a decision is passed by the customer. This can be through a proper acknowledgment test methodology (ATP) between the customer and the venture group where the task group exhibit key highlights of the undertaking to affirm customers desires while the customer keeps an agenda to guarantee consistence with scope equirements. In NLNG venture conclusion technique requires a careful client acknowledgment test (UAT) with the undertaking patrons and end/super-clients meeting the task taking care of firm before a task is proclaimed shut. Customer acknowledgment can likewise be casual for little undertakings that require just datelines or a couple of expectations set up. A concise hand-ove r service or a correspondence to the customer by the PM is adequate. Most people group advancement extends in NLNG don't require a formal UAT. Establishment of Project Deliverables Ã¢â¬ After UAT venture yields/deliverable are introduced and a Ã¢â¬Å"go-liveÃ¢â¬ is announced. Establishment of undertaking yields as indicated by Wysocki (2012, 314 Ã¢â¬ 315) can adopt any of the four strategies viz; staged, cut-over, equal or by specialty unit. Staged establishment as the name infers, takes a tiny bit at a time establishment of undertaking expectations in a particular request. Expansive re-association ventures are likely models here. Cut-out establishment replaces an old framework with another one after the new framework is tried in a test domain. Most redesign venture are introduced utilizing this methodology. Equal establishment requires the new expectations introduced while the old is as yet running. This is alluded to as Ã¢â¬Å"parallel runÃ¢â¬ in IT anticipates as it allows a relative investigation of the two frameworks. By-specialty unit establishment is the place venture expectations are spread around specialty units that may essentially be in one area. Task documentation Ã¢â¬ Young (2010) noticed that venture documentation includes Project Closure Report, Post Implementation Review Report and information chronicling that will be utilized to gauge projectÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement in term of results as characterized at the early arranging stage. Task documentation serves to monitor the undertaking plans, records of evaluations of key venture inputs, UAT exercises and how the progressions were overseen, difficulties and key learning focuses during venture execution and go-live. It additionally includes advancement of manuals for client preparing and different assets as might be required by the post go-live venture proprietors. Eventually, both customer and PMs have a job in what is the fate of venture documentation. While the PM guarantees that those records serve to give road to evaluating venture results, clientÃ¢â¬â¢s comprehension of the archive is especially significant during and post go-live undertaking stages. Last Report close down: Ã¢â¬ An away from of venture documentation following a UAT will realize another achievement in venture close called Ã¢â¬Å"sign-offÃ¢â¬ where the customer officially acknowledge expectations as introduced nearby all the significant documentations. By this, the customer completely assumes liability of the task and since this is a post go-live circumstance, the customer acknowledges and close down the Project Closure Report which formalizes the conclusion of the venture. The report is in any case, typically arranged by the Project Manager and introduced to the customer or venture patron for close down. Post-Implementation Audit Ã¢â¬ This comes minutes after go-live to distinguish if venture objectives have been accomplished since the new/changes venture goes ahead board. It asses key venture objectives set toward the start, lengths and assets, offer accomplished, key learning focuses and what works (or not worked) since go-live. It is a review since it is embraced so as to guarantee consistence with set destinations. A post-execution review report is conveyed as narrative of the undertaking history featuring key task objectives and achievement factors, venture philosophies, hazard the executives procedures, customer fulfillment appraisal reports, and so on. The review report can serve to console venture proprietors of the advantages of the recently executed undertaking or it features significant difficulties/exposures of the new framework. While the previous approves starting venture destinations, the later opens up roads for fast mediation to alleviate misfortunes and worth disintegration because of the new undertaking. Observing Success Ã¢â¬ Part of undertaking close is a stately course of action to perceive that the venture has really finished. Most go-live exercises require expound festivities with keepsakes and adverts to proclaim the appearance of another venture. In NLNG, ventures go-live are praised with blessing/trinkets, rewards and different impetuses to extend colleagues and other pertinent gatherings. Network advancement ventures have social moves and other nearby occasions to go with. Business Risks Associated with Skipping Project Close-out Ã¢â¬ Project close out is a basic piece of PMLC as it answers the Ã¢â¬Å"how all around did you doÃ¢â¬ question and subsequently skipping it presents critical presentation to the task, however wide business or government assistance goals of customer. Non-conclusion additionally impacts on the PMs assets and corporate notoriety. Key dangers related with non-conclusion of ventures incorporate; ? Expanding inclination for non-usage of the whole venture or fizzled/part execution that wont be seen until a later period ? Nonappearance of customer acknowledgment test may hamper an appropriate UAT which ordinarily gives the road to tending to extend holes ? Inappropriate documentation will in the long run influence ideal use of task expectations. Additionally, nonattendance of client manuals could trigger abuse of venture yields and realize repeating cost of support ? Nonattendance of task establishment and hand-over uncovered the venture falling into an inappropriate hands as no appropriate change the board has been set up. ? Absence of customer close down opens the two gatherings to penetrate of agreement and suits while venture groups and backers may create enmity because of allegations, counter-allegations and habitual pettiness as undertaking dangers show. Absence of post-usage review may deny the customer the advantage of surveying venture goals/focuses against real outcomes post go-live. This involves all the dangers intrinsic in this new venture are absorbed and may not be handily tended to. References 1. Youthful, M. L. (2010) PM Hut: A Complete Guide to Closing Projects. Accessible at: http://www. pmhut. com/a-total manual for shutting ventures (Accessed: twentieth April, 2013) 2. Wysocki, R. K. (2012) Effective ven ture the board customary, deft, extraordinary, fourth Edition. Wiley, Indianapolis. The most effective method to refer to Projects Closure, Papers
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 3:22 AM
Wednesday, July 29, 2020
New and Useful Information on How to Become a Perfusionist There are many careers you can choose from and one of the most desired is in the medical field.Although the reasons for this may vary, most people love the thought of saving lives and treating the sick.Not everyone though.Some people dread the sight of bloodâ"including their ownâ"thus cannot take certain career paths.All in all, every career choice is important since there are different needs in the society.One very important, though not widely-known career is that of the perfusionist. It is one of the many careers in the medical field.Like other careers, it has its own unique characteristics.Perfusionists work as part of the teams which perform surgeries. Especially heart surgeries.If you thought that surgeries are only carried out by surgeons with the help of nurses, we have some news for you.Surgeries which involve the heart cannot be carried out without these individuals.Moreover, they handle patients who are in the ICU in need of assistance with their hearts and lungs.WHAT DOE S A PERFUSIONIST DO? A perfusionist is a trained professional whose role in the operating room and ICU entail operating the machines which keep the patients alive.In the operating room, their expertise is required, more so during operations like open-heart surgeries. This is a surgery which involves stopping the heart from beating.Some of the reasons for an open-heart surgery are a weakened heart, a blocked or partially-blocked artery or other problems affecting the functioning of the heart.For an open-heart surgery to be successful, the heart should not be pumping blood.However, the patient has to stay alive and important organs like the brain and kidneys need oxygenated blood.In order for this to happen, the patients life is sustained through a process called Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB).Cardiopulmonary Bypass is the process by which blood is directed to flow out of the human body and into a machine.The machine is commonly known as the cardiopulmonary bypass pump or heart-lung ma chine.Perfusionists also work in the ICUs.This happens when a patient with a heart or lung problem is either brought in or awaits a surgery. To keep them alive, the heart lung machine is used until the necessary corrective action has been taken.This is where the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) machines are used. This is more popularly known as life support.It can either be a case of awaiting a heart or lung transplant or the implanting of a Ventricular Assist Device (VAD).This is a mechanical pump used in situations where the patient has a heart failure or a very weakened heart.Perfusionists use their knowledge and medical expertise to set up and operate the machines.They will also be involved in monitoring the patient to ensure everything is working well. CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERFUSIONISTAs with other careers, there are certain character traits which are common among perfusionists.These are what enable them stand by the surgeons and work with the patients before and afte r the operation.Below are some of them.Detail OrientedTo be a perfusionist, you must have an eye for details. The machines you will be handling provide you with a lot of information to enable you make the right decisions.More than that, as you set up and run the equipment for a specific patient, you need to be careful to do the right thing.Some of the things you may need to check or set include the levels of oxygen in the blood as well as the blood pressure.If you were to increase the blood pressure or reduce it too much, you could endanger the life of the patient.In this field, a difference of 0.1 could be too big to ignore.Considering the number of negligence cases in the medical field, you certainly cannot afford to be part of those statistics. In the case of a perfusionist, it is literally a matter of life and death.This is the reason you are in that operation room in the first place.If you are not very keen with small details, then this career path may not be for you.Level-Hea dedEver seen accident victims being wheeled into the emergency room?The nurses clear the way, orders are shouted about what to be prepared, there are broken limbs and severe bleeding needs to be stopped.Such are the day-to-day cases experienced by the JPS Health Networkâs Trauma Department. As a perfusionist, you will be called in and this is the picture of what you will see upon entering the operating room.What would you do?Would you cringe and start pitying the victim?Thatâs not for perfusionists.They maintain their calm in such situations. They understand the severity of the situation and may need to be briefed about it.But they will not be moved by emotions.You will have to learn to contain yourself and maintain a calm demeanor in this career.This is important because to operate the machinery which will support someoneâs life requires a sober mind.For you to accurately determine what needs to be done, you have to stay calm.Ability to Concentrate for Long PeriodsOperations can be lengthy and complicated. Some run up to 6 hours.During such times, you can become tired and stressed.Yet you still have a duty to keep going till the procedure is finished.Remember that you are responsible for a very important part of the whole procedure.You are the one controlling the machine which is acting like the heart and lungs of the patient.A slight mistake could cause extensive damage.It is critical that you have the ability to stay focused throughout the operation.Something else, you should not just be present and looking alert but should be participating in the procedure.This is to enable you give the surgeon relevant information he may need to know.Physically and Mentally FitPhysical and mental fitness are a must in this career. To maintain high levels of concentration in emergencies and throughout the procedures being performed, fitness is necessary.You will need to stay alert for long hours without getting tired.Staying focused during long procedures requires yo ur mind to be in tip-top condition.Although there are many brain exercises you can do to increase memory or increase concentration, physical fitness helps keep your mind healthy enough.Good CommunicatorOne of the most important skills needed for this job is communication.As a perfusionist, you will never work alone. Whether in the operating room, ICU or working with other professionals to develop medical machines, it is always a team effort.Where teams are concerned, there has to be good communication.When you are working alongside surgeons and nurses during an operation, you will keep them informed about many aspects of the patientâs health.You are the one to advise on any issues concerning the patientâs blood and any medications needed.You will also be responsible for updating the whole team on the patientâs overall status, particularly his circulation and respiration.Watch the below video showing good communication between the various medical professionals in an operating r oom. Ability to Work Under PressureDoctors, and in particular surgeons, are known to work under extreme pressure.Always being available for emergencies and sacrificing much convenience for the sake of saving other peopleâs lives.Theirs is true service to others.The same applies to their team members, including perfusionist.With the ever-increasing cases of heart disease and the operations required to correct them, there will not be an end to the pressure involved.Are you willing to work long hours without a break? Are you willing to be called to work on the weekend? What about when having dinner at home?Have a Strong Sense of ResponsibilityPerfusionists literally hold the lives of patients in their hands. When an open-heart surgery is taking place, the heart has to be stopped from pumping blood so as to be operated on.This is where the heart-lung machine operated by the perfusionist comes in.It takes over the role of the heart and lungs.The person running the machine has to be car eful enough to ensure the safety of the patient.Any amount of negligence can easily lead to death.It is this realization that helps keep the perfusionist alert.But this alertness does not come simply from being taught in school. It has to come from within.As a perfusionist, you need to understand from within yourself, that you are largely responsible for the life of the person on the operating table.This will keep you on your toes while the procedure is underway.QUALIFICATIONS FOR BECOMING A PERFUSIONISTWith all that perfusion entails, there are qualifications required in order to practice in this field.Like most careers, the education is a basic requirement.Add to that some hands-on training and you will be good to go.Here is what you need to do to be in this career.1. Enroll in an accredited perfusion education program.Everything starts in class and not all schools can teach you about perfusion.There are schools which are accredited for this training and it is from these you are s upposed to get your training.Here is a list of the accredited schools.Some of the subjects you can expect to cover include cardiac anatomy and perfusion devices. Some of the perfusion devices include artificial hearts (blood pump), artificial lungs (oxygenator) and artificial kidneys (hemodialysis).2. Undergo Clinical TrainingThe nature of the job of a perfusionist demands that you have practical experience as part of the training.This is why some practical course work is necessary.You will need to perform at least 75 perfusions while under supervision in order to qualify for certification.The institution you are training in can help you by arranging for these.3. Get CertifiedBeing certified as a perfusionist will require you to pass some exams administered by the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion (ABCP).These exams come in two parts and they are multiple choice exams.The first part is referred to as Perfusion Basic Science Examination (PBSE).The second part is called Clini cal Applications in Perfusion Examination (CAPE).These exams should be taken after graduation from an accredited cardiovascular perfusion education program.You must pass both these exams in order to be certified.4. Obtain a LicenseOnce you have passed the certification exam, you are ready for practice.The only thing which can keep you from working is a state license.Check with your state whether a perfusionist license is required before practice.5. Renew Your CertificationYou will have to renew your certification every year in order to keep practicing. Certificate renewal ensures that your knowledge and skills are up to date.Apart from documenting up to 40 annual clinical activities, you have to do 45 Continuing Education Unit (CEU) every three years.CAREER DETAILSMany people are not aware of this career because it doesnât get the spotlight. Everyone knows of surgeons and nurses but not perfusionists. As you have learned by reading this far, this is an important career. And a rewa rding one too, if you are interested in saving livesâ"literally.The reason it has not been known much is probably because there havenât been many cases of open-heart surgeries. It is only until recently that the baby boomer generation has made heart diseases become a nationally-recognized problem.Many are suffering from heart diseases thus increasing the number of surgeries being requested and done.Below we feature some aspects of this career to help you decide whether it is for you.It pays well.For the critical role which perfusionists play, they are certainly paid well. This would be expected since it is only fair to show appreciation for the services offered.The average salary in this career is $129,348 as of January 31, 2019. This is according to salary.com. The range is usually between $116,091 and $141,229.This is an impressive figure which can easily attract anyone to the career.To be paid among the highest, you will need to have more education, certifications and obviousl y, more experience.The longer you have stayed in the career, the more of an authority you are.Meaning more money.It is technology-driven.Technology has transformed the world and it will keep doing so.Apart from the revolutions in life coming through smartphones and social media, the medical field has also benefited from technology.With health conditions becoming more difficult to accurately diagnose and treat, many scientists have dedicated their lives to research.Among these advancements are the equipment used by medical professionals when handling various conditions.These are always going through improvements as science discovers new and better ways of handling the diagnosed conditions.For example, the heart-lung machine has experienced some improvements over the years.Encyclopedia.com has a history of this machine from where you can see the improvements brought about by technology and scientific research.The first heart-lung machine was the results of much dedicated research and work from an American surgeon by the name John H. Gibbon, Jr (1903-1974).The decision to undertake this project was a response to the death of a young patient who died of blocked lung circulation.After much work, the first successful operation with a heart-lung machine with the new machine was done in 1953.An 18-year-old patientâs heart was stopped for 26 minutes and a surgery done to close a hole in it.The original machine was huge, complex and required many pints of blood to be primed.Compared to the machines in use today, there has been a big improvement.Modern machines are relatively small and can be wheeled around with ease.Who knows what the future holds?If you wold love to work in the midst of technology while in the medical field, this could be a career worth considering.Offers great potential for growth.The perfusion career is not limited to the operating room or the ICU in public hospitals and universities.Whereas it is a good idea to start there and have some experience , you can also be employed by privately-practicing surgeons.There will however be some pros and cons to consider.For example, you may be able to get more personalized training as opposed to when working at the hospital.Nevertheless, the pay may actually be less than what a graduate gets from some of the public hospitals.Apart from the option of where to work, there are other alternatives you can go with in your practice of perfusion.For example, after gaining some experience, you could work with equipment manufacturers.The knowledge and experience you have will help them develop better machines for the market.You will be involved in the research, testing and any other stage of the process.If you feel adventurous, you can venture into sales. You can be employed as a technical sales manager, director or any similar position.You will essentially be responsible for giving technical details of the equipment and helping decision makers understand the uniqueness of the machine youâre sel ling.That can be a good opportunity to champion a solution.Another option to consider is being a perfusion educator.You can choose to be one of the teachers in perfusion schools and share your knowledge and experience.If you love mentoring people to do great things, then teaching is a good choice.CONCLUSIONDo you have the traits needed to be a perfusionist?In case you donât but desire to be one, you can learn them.Be willing to make changes to your habits and get the education.
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 3:40 PM
Friday, May 22, 2020
Light moves through the universe at the fastest speed astronomers can measure. In fact, the speed of light is a cosmic speed limit, and nothing is known to move faster. How fast does light move? This limit can be measured and it also helps define our understanding of the universes size and age. What Is Light: Wave or Particle? Light travels fast, at a velocity of 299, 792, 458 meters per second. How can it do this? To understand that, its helpful to know what light actually is and thats largely a 20th-century discovery. The nature of light was a great mystery for centuries. Scientists had trouble grasping the concept of its wave and particle nature.Ã If it was a wave what did it propagate through? Why did it appear to travel at the same speed in all directions? And, what can the speed of light tell us about the cosmos?Ã It wasnt until Albert Einstein described this theory of special relativity in 1905 it all came into focus. Einstein argued that space and time were relative and that the speed of light was the constant that connected the two. What Is the Speed of Light? It is often stated that the speed of light is constant and that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. This isnt entirely accurate. The value of 299,792,458 meters per second (186,282 miles per second) is the speed of light in a vacuum.Ã However, light actually slows down as it passes through different media. For instance, when it moves through glass, it slows down to about two-thirds of its speed in a vacuum.Ã Even in air, which is nearly a vacuum, light slows down slightly. As it moves through space, it encounters clouds of gas and dust, as well as gravitational fields, and those can change the speed a tiny bit. The clouds of gas and dust also absorb some of the light as it passes through. This phenomenon has to do with the nature of light, which is an electromagnetic wave. As it propagates through a material its electric and magnetic fields disturb the charged particles that it comes in contact with. These disturbances then cause the particles to radiate light at the same frequency, but with a phase shift. The sum of all these waves produced by the disturbances will lead to an electromagnetic wave with the same frequency as the original light, but with a shorter wavelength and, hence a slower speed. Interesting, as fast as light moves, its path can be bent as it passes by regions in space with intense gravitational fields. This is fairly easily seen in galaxy clusters, which contain a lot of matter (including dark matter), which warps the path of light from more distant objects, such as quasars. Gravitational lensing and how it works. Light from a distant object passes by a closer object with a strong gravitational pull. The light is bent and distorted and that creates images of the more distant object. Ã NASA Lightspeed and Gravitational Waves Current theories of physics predict that gravitational waves also travel at the speed of light, but this is still being confirmed as scientists study the phenomenon of gravitational waves from colliding black holes and neutron stars. Otherwise, there are no other objects that travel that fast. Theoretically, they can get close to the speed of light, but not faster. One exception to this may be space-time itself. It appears that distant galaxies are moving away from us faster than the speed of light. This is a problem that scientists are still trying to understand. However, one interesting consequence of this is that a travel system based on the idea of a warp drive. In such a technology, a spacecraft is at rest relative to space and its actually space that moves, like a surfer riding a wave on the ocean. Theoretically, this might allow for superluminal travel. Of course, there are other practical and technological limitations that stand in the way, but its an interesting science-fiction idea that is getting some scientific interest.Ã Travel Times for Light One of the questions that astronomers get from members of the public is: how long would it take light to go from object X to Object Y? Light gives them a very accurate way to measure the size of the universe by defining distances. Here are a few of the common ones distance measurements: The Earth to the Moon: 1.255 secondsThe Sun to Earth: 8.3 minutesOur Sun to the next closest star: 4.24 yearsAcross our Milky WayÃ galaxy: 100,000 yearsTo the closestÃ spiral galaxy (Andromeda): 2.5 million yearsLimit of the observable universe to Earth: 13.8 billion years Interestingly, there are objects that are beyond our ability to see simply because the universe IS expanding, and some are over the horizon beyond which we cannot see. They will never come into our view, no matter how fast their light travels. This is one of the fascinating effects of living in an expanding universe.Ã Edited by Carolyn Collins Petersen
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 4:54 PM
Saturday, May 9, 2020
The Battle Over Admission Essay Writing Help and How to Win It Another style of starting this kind of essay is to describe some event and analyze its consequences. Once you receive a notion of where your research will likely head, you can begin writing your introduction. Its principal job is to provide an immediate idea about what issues the essay is likely to cover with further reading. You will see countless strategies to study more effectively, or make the the majority of your time whilst investigating an essay. If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Admission Essay Writing Help It is much simpler to entrust work to experts! In the event you could not discover someone nearby, consider using proofreading services of on-line essay help providers. Make you will need some significant assistance, it's important to. After the word help in the industry of academic or non-academic writings come, then you ought to think about our custom writing service company. 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Posted by Hazel Nealy at 6:51 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
To what extent should we place trust in the government these days? It is said by American President Barack Obama, Ã¢â¬ If the people cannot trust their government to do the job for which it exists Ã¢â¬â to protect them and to promote their common welfare Ã¢â¬â all else is lost. Ã¢â¬ From here, we know the importance of people putting trust in their government. However, we can only place trust in them if they are able to take care of their citizens, fulfilling their needs and acting responsibly in the best interest of the citizens. We will write a custom essay sample on To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Recently, there seem to be an increase in reasons for us to distrust our government for they are fulfilling less of their duties as the leaders of the nation. Firstly, we should remain skeptical about the government due to the simple fact that the government comprises of humans, and as we all know, no human is perfect. As Gandhi said, Ã¢â¬ Earth provides enough to satisfy every manÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, but not every manÃ¢â¬â¢s greed. Ã¢â¬ With scientific research stating that the humans are born to be greedy, the innate greed in the government officials might be a dangerous trait. For the government, their greed would result in various forms of corruption such as bribery and extortion, negatively impacting the lives of the citizens. For example in sub-Saharan African nations, about half of the funds that were donated for health usages were never invested into the health sectors. Instead they were lavished to support the costly high-end lives of the government officials. This problem is not only limited to the developing countries. World wide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. Due to the innate greed in human nature, it is evident that many times, the government will not do what is best for the people. Instead, they would think of themselves first, thus we should not place our complete trust in the government. Secondly, governments are no longer taking care of the needs of the citizens as well as they did. There are basic needs that one should be entitled to, needs such as education and healthcare, and the government should ensure that its citizens get those needs. However, these days many countries are unable to fulfill their citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ needs. In countries such as Greece, level of healthcare accessible to the public has also been on the decrease due to the recent economic crisis. Five austerity programmes within the space of two and a half years have reduced the health system in Greece to the level of a developing country and stripped working people of the basic right to adequate medical care. Most hospitals lack essential basic materials such as disposable gloves, plaster and catheters. Poorer women have to give birth at home because they cannot afford a hospital birth, which can cost Ã¢â ¬700-Ã¢â ¬1,500. On top of that, control of infectious diseases is no longer guaranteed due to the lower standards of hygiene throughout Greece. Chronic respiratory diseases, skin diseases and tuberculosis are all on the increase. Outbreaks of malaria infections have been reported in five parts of the country, although the disease had been thought be eradicated in 1974. It can be seen that the government do not have the ability to ensure the basic wellbeing of their citizens thus we should place less trust in the government these days. Thirdly, in many countries, governments are restricting many of the basic rights of people. These rights belong without presumption or cost of privilege to all human beings. However, in many countries, in the excuse to protect national security, the government often stripped the citizens of those rights. Under these kind of circumstances, it is of no surprise why the citizens might not trust the government. For example, in China, the freedom of speech in media and press is largely limited. They have strict censorship rules that include all capable of reaching a wide audience including television, print media, Internet, text messaging and even video games. These rules will greatly limit the ability for press to act as the 4th estate in the country and their ability to keep the government in check. After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, many people who tried to report on the shabby construction of schools faced severed punishment. Liu Shaokun, a Sichuan school teacher, was detained for disseminating rumors and destroying social order after taking photos of collapsed school buildings, and putting them online. With these kind of censorship rules in placed, the citizens would no longer have the faith and confidence in their government as they are denied of the truth of the happenings in their country. Thus, less trust are placed in the government these days. However, there are some people who feel that there has been an increase in trust in the government. 2012 Edelman Trust Barometer conducted by Edelman Public Relations has revealed that Singaporeans are the third most trusting of their government. They account this to the strong economy, high social security and high standard of living in Singapore. Despite those statistics, the new generation of Singaporeans are placing less and less trust in the government. The parliament of Singapore was traditionally dominated by PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Action Party and the decrease in trust in the leading party was seen when WorkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Party, an opposition party, won itÃ¢â¬â¢s first Group Representation Constituency in the 2011 general elections. The recent political scandals in Singapore have shaken the trust placed in the government too. Just a month ago, member of parliament, Michael Palmer, announced his resignation after confessing he had an extramarital affair with a community worker. This caused various debates among the citizens that questions the credibility of the parliament speakers. These debates further illustrates the declining trust placed in the government. In conclusion, I feel that people around the world are beginning to lose trust in the government. They no longer feel that the government is able to act to their best interest and that their needs are not fulfilled. They are beginning to be unsure of their governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s choices and question the transparency of their leaders. Thus, I do not think that we should trust our government to a large extent. How to cite To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days?, Essay examples To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days Free Essays To what extent should we place trust in the government these days? It is said by American President Barack Obama, Ã¢â¬ If the people cannot trust their government to do the job for which it exists Ã¢â¬â to protect them and to promote their common welfare Ã¢â¬â all else is lost. Ã¢â¬ From here, we know the importance of people putting trust in their government. However, we can only place trust in them if they are able to take care of their citizens, fulfilling their needs and acting responsibly in the best interest of the citizens. We will write a custom essay sample on To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Recently, there seem to be an increase in reasons for us to distrust our government for they are fulfilling less of their duties as the leaders of the nation. Firstly, we should remain skeptical about the government due to the simple fact that the government comprises of humans, and as we all know, no human is perfect. As Gandhi said, Ã¢â¬ Earth provides enough to satisfy every manÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, but not every manÃ¢â¬â¢s greed. Ã¢â¬ With scientific research stating that the humans are born to be greedy, the innate greed in the government officials might be a dangerous trait. Government Regulation on Media in America iframe class="wp-embedded-content" sandbox="allow-scripts" security="restricted" style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);" src="https://phdessay.com/government-regulation-on-media-in-america/embed/#?secret=Ms4FVMbd0X" data-secret="Ms4FVMbd0X" width="500" height="282" title="#8220;Government Regulation on Media in America#8221; #8212; Free Essays - PhDessay.com" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="no"/iframe For the government, their greed would result in various forms of corruption such as bribery and extortion, negatively impacting the lives of the citizens. For example in sub-Saharan African nations, about half of the funds that were donated for health usages were never invested into the health sectors. Instead they were lavished to support the costly high-end lives of the government officials. This problem is not only limited to the developing countries. World wide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. Due to the innate greed in human nature, it is evident that many times, the government will not do what is best for the people. Instead, they would think of themselves first, thus we should not place our complete trust in the government. Secondly, governments are no longer taking care of the needs of the citizens as well as they did. There are basic needs that one should be entitled to, needs such as education and healthcare, and the government should ensure that its citizens get those needs. However, these days many countries are unable to fulfill their citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ needs. In countries such as Greece, level of healthcare accessible to the public has also been on the decrease due to the recent economic crisis. Five austerity programmes within the space of two and a half years have reduced the health system in Greece to the level of a developing country and stripped working people of the basic right to adequate medical care. Most hospitals lack essential basic materials such as disposable gloves, plaster and catheters. Poorer women have to give birth at home because they cannot afford a hospital birth, which can cost Ã¢â ¬700-Ã¢â ¬1,500. On top of that, control of infectious diseases is no longer guaranteed due to the lower standards of hygiene throughout Greece. Chronic respiratory diseases, skin diseases and tuberculosis are all on the increase. Outbreaks of malaria infections have been reported in five parts of the country, although the disease had been thought be eradicated in 1974. It can be seen that the government do not have the ability to ensure the basic wellbeing of their citizens thus we should place less trust in the government these days. Thirdly, in many countries, governments are restricting many of the basic rights of people. These rights belong without presumption or cost of privilege to all human beings. However, in many countries, in the excuse to protect national security, the government often stripped the citizens of those rights. Under these kind of circumstances, it is of no surprise why the citizens might not trust the government. For example, in China, the freedom of speech in media and press is largely limited. They have strict censorship rules that include all capable of reaching a wide audience including television, print media, Internet, text messaging and even video games. These rules will greatly limit the ability for press to act as the 4th estate in the country and their ability to keep the government in check. After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, many people who tried to report on the shabby construction of schools faced severed punishment. Liu Shaokun, a Sichuan school teacher, was detained for disseminating rumors and destroying social order after taking photos of collapsed school buildings, and putting them online. With these kind of censorship rules in placed, the citizens would no longer have the faith and confidence in their government as they are denied of the truth of the happenings in their country. Thus, less trust are placed in the government these days. However, there are some people who feel that there has been an increase in trust in the government. 2012 Edelman Trust Barometer conducted by Edelman Public Relations has revealed that Singaporeans are the third most trusting of their government. They account this to the strong economy, high social security and high standard of living in Singapore. Despite those statistics, the new generation of Singaporeans are placing less and less trust in the government. The parliament of Singapore was traditionally dominated by PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Action Party and the decrease in trust in the leading party was seen when WorkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Party, an opposition party, won itÃ¢â¬â¢s first Group Representation Constituency in the 2011 general elections. The recent political scandals in Singapore have shaken the trust placed in the government too. Just a month ago, member of parliament, Michael Palmer, announced his resignation after confessing he had an extramarital affair with a community worker. This caused various debates among the citizens that questions the credibility of the parliament speakers. These debates further illustrates the declining trust placed in the government. In conclusion, I feel that people around the world are beginning to lose trust in the government. They no longer feel that the government is able to act to their best interest and that their needs are not fulfilled. They are beginning to be unsure of their governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s choices and question the transparency of their leaders. Thus, I do not think that we should trust our government to a large extent. How to cite To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days?, Papers
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 10:22 AM
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
The village people do not Review Paper Essay on The village people do not Immediately brag, Ill add this book in the catalog! Ã°Å¸â¢â It is in the Ukrainian language, but you turned out to be a lot of Ukrainians, he can not fail to please me. So, first of all, this review is for all the representatives of Ukraine and the other holding the Ukrainian language A few words about the author. Luko Dashvar a pen name Irina Chernova, screenwriter. It is this book became her literary debut, and immediately won the Coronation of the word competition in 2007. Looking ahead, I will say that the two subsequent books by this author, too, have been awarded all sorts of prizes, Luko Dashvar was a real event in the modern Ukrainian literature I can not wait to go actually to the novel: The village is not the people has the effect of a bomb !!!!! This you certainly never read, there are mixed so many genres that are not immediately and determine what to carry it. WARN book in many ways shocking: it was too realistic and hard (and occasionally went) the author describes the realities of the modern village and its inhabitants, the problem of adolescents, as well as opposition to the social sectors of society on the example of a particular deaf Ukrainian village We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer . the main character of the novel, thirteen Katya, can be called contemporary Lolita, the whole story revolves around her love for a grown man, the father of her classmates. In addition to this storyline in the book still present mysticism and folklore motifs that give it a unique flavor, and if still add language characters, generously laced with words from the vernacular, an unusually rapid development of the plot and the absolute unpredictability of events, you get one of the exciting book that you will ever read. I would also like to note that most likely, novel designed for the mentality of Ukrainian man, but I do not think that because of this it is not of interest to everyone else. This SOI and absorbs so much that you lose all sense of time, and if you take it in the evening, sleepless night you provided! And certainly do not start it in the morning before work, as one of my friends, you have the whole day can not do anything and will only think about it!
Posted by Hazel Nealy at 1:54 AM