Wednesday, July 29, 2020

New and Useful Information on How to Become a Perfusionist

New and Useful Information on How to Become a Perfusionist There are many careers you can choose from and one of the most desired is in the medical field.Although the reasons for this may vary, most people love the thought of saving lives and treating the sick.Not everyone though.Some people dread the sight of bloodâ€"including their ownâ€"thus cannot take certain career paths.All in all, every career choice is important since there are different needs in the society.One very important, though not widely-known career is that of the perfusionist. It is one of the many careers in the medical field.Like other careers, it has its own unique characteristics.Perfusionists work as part of the teams which perform surgeries. Especially heart surgeries.If you thought that surgeries are only carried out by surgeons with the help of nurses, we have some news for you.Surgeries which involve the heart cannot be carried out without these individuals.Moreover, they handle patients who are in the ICU in need of assistance with their hearts and lungs.WHAT DOE S A PERFUSIONIST DO?  A perfusionist is a trained professional whose role in the operating room and ICU entail operating the machines which keep the patients alive.In the operating room, their expertise is required, more so during operations like open-heart surgeries. This is a surgery which involves stopping the heart from beating.Some of the reasons for an open-heart surgery are a weakened heart, a blocked or partially-blocked artery or other problems affecting the functioning of the heart.For an open-heart surgery to be successful, the heart should not be pumping blood.However, the patient has to stay alive and important organs like the brain and kidneys need oxygenated blood.In order for this to happen, the patients life is sustained through a process called Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB).Cardiopulmonary Bypass is the process by which blood is directed to flow out of the human body and into a machine.The machine is commonly known as the cardiopulmonary bypass pump or heart-lung ma chine.Perfusionists also work in the ICUs.This happens when a patient with a heart or lung problem is either brought in or awaits a surgery. To keep them alive, the heart lung machine is used until the necessary corrective action has been taken.This is where the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) machines are used. This is more popularly known as life support.It can either be a case of awaiting a heart or lung transplant or the implanting of a Ventricular Assist Device (VAD).This is a mechanical pump used in situations where the patient has a heart failure or a very weakened heart.Perfusionists use their knowledge and medical expertise to set up and operate the machines.They will also be involved in monitoring the patient to ensure everything is working well. CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERFUSIONISTAs with other careers, there are certain character traits which are common among perfusionists.These are what enable them stand by the surgeons and work with the patients before and afte r the operation.Below are some of them.Detail OrientedTo be a perfusionist, you must have an eye for details. The machines you will be handling provide you with a lot of information to enable you make the right decisions.More than that, as you set up and run the equipment for a specific patient, you need to be careful to do the right thing.Some of the things you may need to check or set include the levels of oxygen in the blood as well as the blood pressure.If you were to increase the blood pressure or reduce it too much, you could endanger the life of the patient.In this field, a difference of 0.1 could be too big to ignore.Considering the number of negligence cases in the medical field, you certainly cannot afford to be part of those statistics. In the case of a perfusionist, it is literally a matter of life and death.This is the reason you are in that operation room in the first place.If you are not very keen with small details, then this career path may not be for you.Level-Hea dedEver seen accident victims being wheeled into the emergency room?The nurses clear the way, orders are shouted about what to be prepared, there are broken limbs and severe bleeding needs to be stopped.Such are the day-to-day cases experienced by the JPS Health Network’s Trauma Department. As a perfusionist, you will be called in and this is the picture of what you will see upon entering the operating room.What would you do?Would you cringe and start pitying the victim?That’s not for perfusionists.They maintain their calm in such situations. They understand the severity of the situation and may need to be briefed about it.But they will not be moved by emotions.You will have to learn to contain yourself and maintain a calm demeanor in this career.This is important because to operate the machinery which will support someone’s life requires a sober mind.For you to accurately determine what needs to be done, you have to stay calm.Ability to Concentrate for Long PeriodsOperations can be lengthy and complicated. Some run up to 6 hours.During such times, you can become tired and stressed.Yet you still have a duty to keep going till the procedure is finished.Remember that you are responsible for a very important part of the whole procedure.You are the one controlling the machine which is acting like the heart and lungs of the patient.A slight mistake could cause extensive damage.It is critical that you have the ability to stay focused throughout the operation.Something else, you should not just be present and looking alert but should be participating in the procedure.This is to enable you give the surgeon relevant information he may need to know.Physically and Mentally FitPhysical and mental fitness are a must in this career. To maintain high levels of concentration in emergencies and throughout the procedures being performed, fitness is necessary.You will need to stay alert for long hours without getting tired.Staying focused during long procedures requires yo ur mind to be in tip-top condition.Although there are many brain exercises you can do to increase memory or increase concentration, physical fitness helps keep your mind healthy enough.Good CommunicatorOne of the most important skills needed for this job is communication.As a perfusionist, you will never work alone. Whether in the operating room, ICU or working with other professionals to develop medical machines, it is always a team effort.Where teams are concerned, there has to be good communication.When you are working alongside surgeons and nurses during an operation, you will keep them informed about many aspects of the patient’s health.You are the one to advise on any issues concerning the patient’s blood and any medications needed.You will also be responsible for updating the whole team on the patient’s overall status, particularly his circulation and respiration.Watch the below video showing good communication between the various medical professionals in an operating r oom. Ability to Work Under PressureDoctors, and in particular surgeons, are known to work under extreme pressure.Always being available for emergencies and sacrificing much convenience for the sake of saving other people’s lives.Theirs is true service to others.The same applies to their team members, including perfusionist.With the ever-increasing cases of heart disease and the operations required to correct them, there will not be an end to the pressure involved.Are you willing to work long hours without a break? Are you willing to be called to work on the weekend? What about when having dinner at home?Have a Strong Sense of ResponsibilityPerfusionists literally hold the lives of patients in their hands. When an open-heart surgery is taking place, the heart has to be stopped from pumping blood so as to be operated on.This is where the heart-lung machine operated by the perfusionist comes in.It takes over the role of the heart and lungs.The person running the machine has to be car eful enough to ensure the safety of the patient.Any amount of negligence can easily lead to death.It is this realization that helps keep the perfusionist alert.But this alertness does not come simply from being taught in school. It has to come from within.As a perfusionist, you need to understand from within yourself, that you are largely responsible for the life of the person on the operating table.This will keep you on your toes while the procedure is underway.QUALIFICATIONS FOR BECOMING A PERFUSIONISTWith all that perfusion entails, there are qualifications required in order to practice in this field.Like most careers, the education is a basic requirement.Add to that some hands-on training and you will be good to go.Here is what you need to do to be in this career.1. Enroll in an accredited perfusion education program.Everything starts in class and not all schools can teach you about perfusion.There are schools which are accredited for this training and it is from these you are s upposed to get your training.Here is a list of the accredited schools.Some of the subjects you can expect to cover include cardiac anatomy and perfusion devices. Some of the perfusion devices include artificial hearts (blood pump), artificial lungs (oxygenator) and artificial kidneys (hemodialysis).2. Undergo Clinical TrainingThe nature of the job of a perfusionist demands that you have practical experience as part of the training.This is why some practical course work is necessary.You will need to perform at least 75 perfusions while under supervision in order to qualify for certification.The institution you are training in can help you by arranging for these.3. Get CertifiedBeing certified as a perfusionist will require you to pass some exams administered by the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion (ABCP).These exams come in two parts and they are multiple choice exams.The first part is referred to as Perfusion Basic Science Examination (PBSE).The second part is called Clini cal Applications in Perfusion Examination (CAPE).These exams should be taken after graduation from an accredited cardiovascular perfusion education program.You must pass both these exams in order to be certified.4. Obtain a LicenseOnce you have passed the certification exam, you are ready for practice.The only thing which can keep you from working is a state license.Check with your state whether a perfusionist license is required before practice.5. Renew Your CertificationYou will have to renew your certification every year in order to keep practicing. Certificate renewal ensures that your knowledge and skills are up to date.Apart from documenting up to 40 annual clinical activities, you have to do 45 Continuing Education Unit (CEU) every three years.CAREER DETAILSMany people are not aware of this career because it doesn’t get the spotlight. Everyone knows of surgeons and nurses but not perfusionists. As you have learned by reading this far, this is an important career. And a rewa rding one too, if you are interested in saving livesâ€"literally.The reason it has not been known much is probably because there haven’t been many cases of open-heart surgeries. It is only until recently that the baby boomer generation has made heart diseases become a nationally-recognized problem.Many are suffering from heart diseases thus increasing the number of surgeries being requested and done.Below we feature some aspects of this career to help you decide whether it is for you.It pays well.For the critical role which perfusionists play, they are certainly paid well. This would be expected since it is only fair to show appreciation for the services offered.The average salary in this career is $129,348 as of January 31, 2019. This is according to salary.com. The range is usually between $116,091 and $141,229.This is an impressive figure which can easily attract anyone to the career.To be paid among the highest, you will need to have more education, certifications and obviousl y, more experience.The longer you have stayed in the career, the more of an authority you are.Meaning more money.It is technology-driven.Technology has transformed the world and it will keep doing so.Apart from the revolutions in life coming through smartphones and social media, the medical field has also benefited from technology.With health conditions becoming more difficult to accurately diagnose and treat, many scientists have dedicated their lives to research.Among these advancements are the equipment used by medical professionals when handling various conditions.These are always going through improvements as science discovers new and better ways of handling the diagnosed conditions.For example, the heart-lung machine has experienced some improvements over the years.Encyclopedia.com has a history of this machine from where you can see the improvements brought about by technology and scientific research.The first heart-lung machine was the results of much dedicated research and work from an American surgeon by the name John H. Gibbon, Jr (1903-1974).The decision to undertake this project was a response to the death of a young patient who died of blocked lung circulation.After much work, the first successful operation with a heart-lung machine with the new machine was done in 1953.An 18-year-old patient’s heart was stopped for 26 minutes and a surgery done to close a hole in it.The original machine was huge, complex and required many pints of blood to be primed.Compared to the machines in use today, there has been a big improvement.Modern machines are relatively small and can be wheeled around with ease.Who knows what the future holds?If you wold love to work in the midst of technology while in the medical field, this could be a career worth considering.Offers great potential for growth.The perfusion career is not limited to the operating room or the ICU in public hospitals and universities.Whereas it is a good idea to start there and have some experience , you can also be employed by privately-practicing surgeons.There will however be some pros and cons to consider.For example, you may be able to get more personalized training as opposed to when working at the hospital.Nevertheless, the pay may actually be less than what a graduate gets from some of the public hospitals.Apart from the option of where to work, there are other alternatives you can go with in your practice of perfusion.For example, after gaining some experience, you could work with equipment manufacturers.The knowledge and experience you have will help them develop better machines for the market.You will be involved in the research, testing and any other stage of the process.If you feel adventurous, you can venture into sales. You can be employed as a technical sales manager, director or any similar position.You will essentially be responsible for giving technical details of the equipment and helping decision makers understand the uniqueness of the machine you’re sel ling.That can be a good opportunity to champion a solution.Another option to consider is being a perfusion educator.You can choose to be one of the teachers in perfusion schools and share your knowledge and experience.If you love mentoring people to do great things, then teaching is a good choice.CONCLUSIONDo you have the traits needed to be a perfusionist?In case you don’t but desire to be one, you can learn them.Be willing to make changes to your habits and get the education.

Friday, May 22, 2020

All About the Speed of Light and What It Measures

Light moves through the universe at the fastest speed astronomers can measure. In fact, the speed of light is a cosmic speed limit, and nothing is known to move faster. How fast does light move? This limit can be measured and it also helps define our understanding of the universes size and age. What Is Light: Wave or Particle? Light travels fast, at a velocity of 299, 792, 458 meters per second. How can it do this? To understand that, its helpful to know what light actually is and thats largely a 20th-century discovery. The nature of light was a great mystery for centuries. Scientists had trouble grasping the concept of its wave and particle nature.  If it was a wave what did it propagate through? Why did it appear to travel at the same speed in all directions? And, what can the speed of light tell us about the cosmos?  It wasnt until Albert Einstein described this theory of special relativity in 1905 it all came into focus. Einstein argued that space and time were relative and that the speed of light was the constant that connected the two. What Is the Speed of Light? It is often stated that the speed of light is constant and that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. This isnt entirely accurate. The value of 299,792,458 meters per second (186,282 miles per second) is the speed of light in a vacuum.  However, light actually slows down as it passes through different media. For instance, when it moves through glass, it slows down to about two-thirds of its speed in a vacuum.  Even in air, which is nearly a vacuum, light slows down slightly. As it moves through space, it encounters clouds of gas and dust, as well as gravitational fields, and those can change the speed a tiny bit. The clouds of gas and dust also absorb some of the light as it passes through. This phenomenon has to do with the nature of light, which is an electromagnetic wave. As it propagates through a material its electric and magnetic fields disturb the charged particles that it comes in contact with. These disturbances then cause the particles to radiate light at the same frequency, but with a phase shift. The sum of all these waves produced by the disturbances will lead to an electromagnetic wave with the same frequency as the original light, but with a shorter wavelength and, hence a slower speed. Interesting, as fast as light moves, its path can be bent as it passes by regions in space with intense gravitational fields. This is fairly easily seen in galaxy clusters, which contain a lot of matter (including dark matter), which warps the path of light from more distant objects, such as quasars. Gravitational lensing and how it works. Light from a distant object passes by a closer object with a strong gravitational pull. The light is bent and distorted and that creates images of the more distant object.   NASA Lightspeed and Gravitational Waves Current theories of physics predict that gravitational waves also travel at the speed of light, but this is still being confirmed as scientists study the phenomenon of gravitational waves from colliding black holes and neutron stars. Otherwise, there are no other objects that travel that fast. Theoretically, they can get close to the speed of light, but not faster. One exception to this may be space-time itself. It appears that distant galaxies are moving away from us faster than the speed of light. This is a problem that scientists are still trying to understand. However, one interesting consequence of this is that a travel system based on the idea of a warp drive. In such a technology, a spacecraft is at rest relative to space and its actually space that moves, like a surfer riding a wave on the ocean. Theoretically, this might allow for superluminal travel. Of course, there are other practical and technological limitations that stand in the way, but its an interesting science-fiction idea that is getting some scientific interest.   Travel Times for Light One of the questions that astronomers get from members of the public is: how long would it take light to go from object X to Object Y? Light gives them a very accurate way to measure the size of the universe by defining distances. Here are a few of the common ones distance measurements: The Earth to the Moon: 1.255 secondsThe Sun to Earth: 8.3 minutesOur Sun to the next closest star: 4.24 yearsAcross our Milky Way  galaxy: 100,000 yearsTo the closest  spiral galaxy (Andromeda): 2.5 million yearsLimit of the observable universe to Earth: 13.8 billion years Interestingly, there are objects that are beyond our ability to see simply because the universe IS expanding, and some are over the horizon beyond which we cannot see. They will never come into our view, no matter how fast their light travels. This is one of the fascinating effects of living in an expanding universe.   Edited by Carolyn Collins Petersen

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Battle Over Admission Essay Writing Help and How to Win It

The Battle Over Admission Essay Writing Help and How to Win It Another style of starting this kind of essay is to describe some event and analyze its consequences. Once you receive a notion of where your research will likely head, you can begin writing your introduction. Its principal job is to provide an immediate idea about what issues the essay is likely to cover with further reading. You will see countless strategies to study more effectively, or make the the majority of your time whilst investigating an essay. If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Admission Essay Writing Help It is much simpler to entrust work to experts! In the event you could not discover someone nearby, consider using proofreading services of on-line essay help providers. Make you will need some significant assistance, it's important to. After the word help in the industry of academic or non-academic writings come, then you ought to think about our custom writing service company. In novate your own ideas to produce the essay more delight full and potent. You've got an essay due quickly. On occasion an important essay can be determined by the criticism given by other essayists or critics. Moreover, the essay prompt requires you've got to suggest various innovative procedures to curb your issue. The Number One Question You Must Ask for Admission Essay Writing Help You should not be concerned about struggling with the quite a few assignments that have very limited moment. Perhaps, a school essay assignment could be run towards a conclusion of a course in order that will help you learn more detail. In the current fast pace life, students are so busy with their day-to-day study timetable they do not get time to compose their specified homework assignment and finish it within a deadline given. Every student necessitates help with homework from time to time. What to Expect From Admission Essay Writing Help? 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days Free Essays

To what extent should we place trust in the government these days? It is said by American President Barack Obama, †If the people cannot trust their government to do the job for which it exists – to protect them and to promote their common welfare – all else is lost. † From here, we know the importance of people putting trust in their government. However, we can only place trust in them if they are able to take care of their citizens, fulfilling their needs and acting responsibly in the best interest of the citizens. We will write a custom essay sample on To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Recently, there seem to be an increase in reasons for us to distrust our government for they are fulfilling less of their duties as the leaders of the nation. Firstly, we should remain skeptical about the government due to the simple fact that the government comprises of humans, and as we all know, no human is perfect. As Gandhi said, †Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed. † With scientific research stating that the humans are born to be greedy, the innate greed in the government officials might be a dangerous trait. For the government, their greed would result in various forms of corruption such as bribery and extortion, negatively impacting the lives of the citizens. For example in sub-Saharan African nations, about half of the funds that were donated for health usages were never invested into the health sectors. Instead they were lavished to support the costly high-end lives of the government officials. This problem is not only limited to the developing countries. World wide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. Due to the innate greed in human nature, it is evident that many times, the government will not do what is best for the people. Instead, they would think of themselves first, thus we should not place our complete trust in the government. Secondly, governments are no longer taking care of the needs of the citizens as well as they did. There are basic needs that one should be entitled to, needs such as education and healthcare, and the government should ensure that its citizens get those needs. However, these days many countries are unable to fulfill their citizens’ needs. In countries such as Greece, level of healthcare accessible to the public has also been on the decrease due to the recent economic crisis. Five austerity programmes within the space of two and a half years have reduced the health system in Greece to the level of a developing country and stripped working people of the basic right to adequate medical care. Most hospitals lack essential basic materials such as disposable gloves, plaster and catheters. Poorer women have to give birth at home because they cannot afford a hospital birth, which can cost â‚ ¬700-â‚ ¬1,500. On top of that, control of infectious diseases is no longer guaranteed due to the lower standards of hygiene throughout Greece. Chronic respiratory diseases, skin diseases and tuberculosis are all on the increase. Outbreaks of malaria infections have been reported in five parts of the country, although the disease had been thought be eradicated in 1974. It can be seen that the government do not have the ability to ensure the basic wellbeing of their citizens thus we should place less trust in the government these days. Thirdly, in many countries, governments are restricting many of the basic rights of people. These rights belong without presumption or cost of privilege to all human beings. However, in many countries, in the excuse to protect national security, the government often stripped the citizens of those rights. Under these kind of circumstances, it is of no surprise why the citizens might not trust the government. For example, in China, the freedom of speech in media and press is largely limited. They have strict censorship rules that include all capable of reaching a wide audience including television, print media, Internet, text messaging and even video games. These rules will greatly limit the ability for press to act as the 4th estate in the country and their ability to keep the government in check. After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, many people who tried to report on the shabby construction of schools faced severed punishment. Liu Shaokun, a Sichuan school teacher, was detained for disseminating rumors and destroying social order after taking photos of collapsed school buildings, and putting them online. With these kind of censorship rules in placed, the citizens would no longer have the faith and confidence in their government as they are denied of the truth of the happenings in their country. Thus, less trust are placed in the government these days. However, there are some people who feel that there has been an increase in trust in the government. 2012 Edelman Trust Barometer conducted by Edelman Public Relations has revealed that Singaporeans are the third most trusting of their government. They account this to the strong economy, high social security and high standard of living in Singapore. Despite those statistics, the new generation of Singaporeans are placing less and less trust in the government. The parliament of Singapore was traditionally dominated by People’s Action Party and the decrease in trust in the leading party was seen when Worker’s Party, an opposition party, won it’s first Group Representation Constituency in the 2011 general elections. The recent political scandals in Singapore have shaken the trust placed in the government too. Just a month ago, member of parliament, Michael Palmer, announced his resignation after confessing he had an extramarital affair with a community worker. This caused various debates among the citizens that questions the credibility of the parliament speakers. These debates further illustrates the declining trust placed in the government. In conclusion, I feel that people around the world are beginning to lose trust in the government. They no longer feel that the government is able to act to their best interest and that their needs are not fulfilled. They are beginning to be unsure of their government’s choices and question the transparency of their leaders. Thus, I do not think that we should trust our government to a large extent. How to cite To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days?, Essay examples To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days Free Essays To what extent should we place trust in the government these days? It is said by American President Barack Obama, †If the people cannot trust their government to do the job for which it exists – to protect them and to promote their common welfare – all else is lost. † From here, we know the importance of people putting trust in their government. However, we can only place trust in them if they are able to take care of their citizens, fulfilling their needs and acting responsibly in the best interest of the citizens. We will write a custom essay sample on To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Recently, there seem to be an increase in reasons for us to distrust our government for they are fulfilling less of their duties as the leaders of the nation. Firstly, we should remain skeptical about the government due to the simple fact that the government comprises of humans, and as we all know, no human is perfect. As Gandhi said, †Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed. † With scientific research stating that the humans are born to be greedy, the innate greed in the government officials might be a dangerous trait. Government Regulation on Media in America iframe class="wp-embedded-content" sandbox="allow-scripts" security="restricted" style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);" src="https://phdessay.com/government-regulation-on-media-in-america/embed/#?secret=Ms4FVMbd0X" data-secret="Ms4FVMbd0X" width="500" height="282" title="#8220;Government Regulation on Media in America#8221; #8212; Free Essays - PhDessay.com" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="no"/iframe For the government, their greed would result in various forms of corruption such as bribery and extortion, negatively impacting the lives of the citizens. For example in sub-Saharan African nations, about half of the funds that were donated for health usages were never invested into the health sectors. Instead they were lavished to support the costly high-end lives of the government officials. This problem is not only limited to the developing countries. World wide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. Due to the innate greed in human nature, it is evident that many times, the government will not do what is best for the people. Instead, they would think of themselves first, thus we should not place our complete trust in the government. Secondly, governments are no longer taking care of the needs of the citizens as well as they did. There are basic needs that one should be entitled to, needs such as education and healthcare, and the government should ensure that its citizens get those needs. However, these days many countries are unable to fulfill their citizens’ needs. In countries such as Greece, level of healthcare accessible to the public has also been on the decrease due to the recent economic crisis. Five austerity programmes within the space of two and a half years have reduced the health system in Greece to the level of a developing country and stripped working people of the basic right to adequate medical care. Most hospitals lack essential basic materials such as disposable gloves, plaster and catheters. Poorer women have to give birth at home because they cannot afford a hospital birth, which can cost â‚ ¬700-â‚ ¬1,500. On top of that, control of infectious diseases is no longer guaranteed due to the lower standards of hygiene throughout Greece. Chronic respiratory diseases, skin diseases and tuberculosis are all on the increase. Outbreaks of malaria infections have been reported in five parts of the country, although the disease had been thought be eradicated in 1974. It can be seen that the government do not have the ability to ensure the basic wellbeing of their citizens thus we should place less trust in the government these days. Thirdly, in many countries, governments are restricting many of the basic rights of people. These rights belong without presumption or cost of privilege to all human beings. However, in many countries, in the excuse to protect national security, the government often stripped the citizens of those rights. Under these kind of circumstances, it is of no surprise why the citizens might not trust the government. For example, in China, the freedom of speech in media and press is largely limited. They have strict censorship rules that include all capable of reaching a wide audience including television, print media, Internet, text messaging and even video games. These rules will greatly limit the ability for press to act as the 4th estate in the country and their ability to keep the government in check. After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, many people who tried to report on the shabby construction of schools faced severed punishment. Liu Shaokun, a Sichuan school teacher, was detained for disseminating rumors and destroying social order after taking photos of collapsed school buildings, and putting them online. With these kind of censorship rules in placed, the citizens would no longer have the faith and confidence in their government as they are denied of the truth of the happenings in their country. Thus, less trust are placed in the government these days. However, there are some people who feel that there has been an increase in trust in the government. 2012 Edelman Trust Barometer conducted by Edelman Public Relations has revealed that Singaporeans are the third most trusting of their government. They account this to the strong economy, high social security and high standard of living in Singapore. Despite those statistics, the new generation of Singaporeans are placing less and less trust in the government. The parliament of Singapore was traditionally dominated by People’s Action Party and the decrease in trust in the leading party was seen when Worker’s Party, an opposition party, won it’s first Group Representation Constituency in the 2011 general elections. The recent political scandals in Singapore have shaken the trust placed in the government too. Just a month ago, member of parliament, Michael Palmer, announced his resignation after confessing he had an extramarital affair with a community worker. This caused various debates among the citizens that questions the credibility of the parliament speakers. These debates further illustrates the declining trust placed in the government. In conclusion, I feel that people around the world are beginning to lose trust in the government. They no longer feel that the government is able to act to their best interest and that their needs are not fulfilled. They are beginning to be unsure of their government’s choices and question the transparency of their leaders. Thus, I do not think that we should trust our government to a large extent. How to cite To What Extent Should We Place Trust in the Government These Days?, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The village people do not Review Essay Example

The village people do not Review Paper Essay on The village people do not Immediately brag, Ill add this book in the catalog! 🙂 It is in the Ukrainian language, but you turned out to be a lot of Ukrainians, he can not fail to please me. So, first of all, this review is for all the representatives of Ukraine and the other holding the Ukrainian language A few words about the author. Luko Dashvar a pen name Irina Chernova, screenwriter. It is this book became her literary debut, and immediately won the Coronation of the word competition in 2007. Looking ahead, I will say that the two subsequent books by this author, too, have been awarded all sorts of prizes, Luko Dashvar was a real event in the modern Ukrainian literature I can not wait to go actually to the novel: The village is not the people has the effect of a bomb !!!!! This you certainly never read, there are mixed so many genres that are not immediately and determine what to carry it. WARN book in many ways shocking: it was too realistic and hard (and occasionally went) the author describes the realities of the modern village and its inhabitants, the problem of adolescents, as well as opposition to the social sectors of society on the example of a particular deaf Ukrainian village We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The village people do not Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer . the main character of the novel, thirteen Katya, can be called contemporary Lolita, the whole story revolves around her love for a grown man, the father of her classmates. In addition to this storyline in the book still present mysticism and folklore motifs that give it a unique flavor, and if still add language characters, generously laced with words from the vernacular, an unusually rapid development of the plot and the absolute unpredictability of events, you get one of the exciting book that you will ever read. I would also like to note that most likely, novel designed for the mentality of Ukrainian man, but I do not think that because of this it is not of interest to everyone else. This SOI and absorbs so much that you lose all sense of time, and if you take it in the evening, sleepless night you provided! And certainly do not start it in the morning before work, as one of my friends, you have the whole day can not do anything and will only think about it!

Friday, March 20, 2020

Aims and objectives of the study Essays

Aims and objectives of the study Essays Aims and objectives of the study Essay Aims and objectives of the study Essay The primary research objective of this study is to determine and discuss the key success factors (KSFs) that would ensure the success of a Russian-foreign venture agreement. The study will in particular focus on the IJVs immersed in the oil and natural gas industry. To implement this research objective, the research study aims to examine the history and trends on international joint ventures (IJVs) in Russia, the problems they encounter, and the KSFs that will ensure the success of starting IJVs in Russia. The study will make use of a review of related literature and case study analysis. Even though the thesis will focus on IJVs involved in the oil and natural gas industry, it will cite various case studies of other companies in other industries as well, in order to get a more comprehensive understanding of effective strategies for successful IJVs in Russia. In answering the primary research objective of this research, the thesis will further explore the following secondary research objectives: To provide a background on joint ventures (JVs) and international joint ventures (IJVS) as a whole, particularly as to their advantages and disadvantages. To understand the role of IJVs in Russia’s gas and oil industry. To highlight the problems that IJVs encounter in Russia which contribute to the high failure rate of many of these business arrangements. To identify the key success factors (KSF) that determine the success of IJVs in Russia, through case study analysis of IJVs in Russia. To examine the importance of the identified key success factors and the contribution of each factor to the success of IJVs. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This research study is relevant because it will seek to improve the success rate of international joint ventures (IJVs) investing in the Russian oil and gas industry by identifying the key success factors (KSF) that will ensure such success. The Russian oil and gas sector generated total revenues of $123. 5 billion in 2005. In 2003, the country’s energy exports accounted for one-fourth of Russia’s gross domestic product (GDP), opening the floodgates to droves of foreign investors excited to cash in on this booming industry (Energy Information Administration, 2005). Russia has also overtaken Saudi Arabia as the world’s leading oil and fuel exporter (Datamonitor, 2006). A huge bulk of investments in the Russian oil and gas industry comes from IJVs arrangements where many organizations set up jointly-owned business entities while at the same time maintaining their independence from each other (Johnson Scholes, 1999). Major American, Japanese, Norwegian, and English petroleum organizations have set up IJVs with local organizations in Russia, but despite the numbers, the failure rate of IJVs have by far outnumbered their success rates (Katsioloudes Isichenko, 2007). The alarming rate of failure of numerous IJVs in Russia poses as a serious threat to the development of the Russian energy industry, and on the country’s economic growth as a whole (Katsioloudes Isichenko, 2007). As such, this thesis is significant in that it will seek to provide recommendations that may help in reversing the increasing failure rates for IJVs in Russia’s energy industry. The findings of this research study can serve as guidelines that will help to ensure the success of an IJV in Russia, which in turn will contribute to the further development of the country’s gas and oil industry, and ultimately, to the improvement of the Russian economy as a whole. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY A joint venture (JV) constitutes a separate legal entity which is jointly-owned and jointly-managed by the two or more parent organizations, or the â€Å"venturers. † As a general rule, a JV must have the following essential characteristics: 1) a separately identifiable joint venture entity; 2) an ownership interest in such entity by each joint venturer; and 3) an active management involvement, or deliberate abdication of the right to such involvement, by each joint venturer (Eco-Legal and Management Advisory Services Limited, 2003). There are two kinds of joint ventures: the equity joint venture and the contractual joint venture. Joint ventures involve a 50/50 participation of both venture partners, wherein each contributes 50 percent of the equity in return for 50 percent participating control. The degrees of ownership and control, as well as the expected returns, are results of negotiations between the two contracting parties. Problems may arise at this point when parties negotiate their expected valuations or returns, particularly if the joint venture happens to be in a country with a controlled economy or when one party is contributing land or goods and that party happens to be from a country where such land or goods may not have readily ascertainable free market values (Eco-Legal and Management Advisory Services Limited, 2003). There are certain advantages to this 50/50 arrangement, the most obvious is that both partners are equally at risk and have equal rights and obligations as to each other. The Eco-Legal and Management Advisory Services Limited (2003) further provides for the following advantages for organizations that enter into JV agreements: A company with insufficient resources may utilize the financial resources of another company with similar needs or interests, especially with regard to embarking on a particular project. In such a case, both companies will bear the share the potential risks involved in the new venture and reduce the burden of investment costs since all expenses are split into two between the two companies involved. The parties may extend their capabilities and business opportunities by pooling together their resources, technology, and expertise. Either one of the parties may expand its market power or even expand into a foreign market with which it has no familiarity. A JV agreement is especially helpful because the venturer who is located in the country or area where the other venturer wishes to expand is more familiar with local business customs and trends. The challenges in forming JVs are not limited to those challenges experienced for Russian JVs and international joint ventures (IJVs) alone. Studies show that a majority of large JVs encounter serious financial or managerial problems within the first two years of operation. Some common difficulties encountered by joint ventures in general are listed below (Hewitt Associates, 2008): The philosophy governing expectations and objectives of the joint venture agreement is unclear. There is an imbalance in the level of investment and expertise brought to the joint venture by the two parent organizations. The senior leadership and management teams for the joint venture receive inadequate identification, support, and compensation. The JV partners possess disparate, and usually conflicting, organizational cultures and operational styles. The JV’s size is modest compared to the two parent organizations. Thus, poor or unclear leadership, different corporate cultures, and a poor integration process contribute greatly to the failure of JVs, by analogy, of IJVs as well. Similar to the challenges outlined by Hewitt Associates (2008), the Eco-Legal and Management Advisory Services Limited (2003) provide for the following similar challenges that may lead to the failure of JV agreements: In sum, entering into a joint venture agreement is definitely not for the faint of heart. JVs offer a host of benefits to the parties involved, but both parties cannot simply enter into an agreement without carefully weighing out the risks involved and coming to terms with goals, expectations, and capabilities of each party. What makes it especially harder for JVs and IJVs in Russia is that in addition to the challenges that JVs in general have to deal with – whether or not they are located in Russia – they also have to deal with other problems that are unique to the Russian business industry and economic milieu.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

7 HUGE signs you aced your interview

7 HUGE signs you aced your interview Sometimes it’s all too apparent when a job interview hasn’t gone well- maybe there’s a cringeworthy statement you wish you could take back, or an icy glance from an interviewer who doesn’t seem to find your small talk very charming. But what differentiates an okay job interview from one you’ve just rocked? Here are some key signals that you’ve had a great interview. 1. The interviewer has positive body languageInterviewers are professionals (ideally!), but they’re also human. Sometimes the earliest indicator that things are going well is the immediate physical feedback you get. Is the person engaged in the conversation, or is she just asking rote questions? Are you getting a lot of positive affirmation, like nods and smiles or verbal agreement? This isn’t a foolproof way to gauge your progress (hey, some people are just very friendly), but it’s a great first clue.2. The interviewer asks you about your interest in the jobIf the interviewer asks you point blank if you’d be interested in the job, it’s not quite a job offer, but it’s a very positive sign. It may mean the person thinks that you’re a good candidate and they want to test out whether you’re serious about it before moving you to the next step. If the interviewer asks you about where else you’re interviewing, that’s also a good sign. If they weren’t interested in you, they probably wouldn’t be trying to gauge the competition or scoping out whether you’re likely to accept a potential job offer.3. You set up a second interview on the spotThe signs don’t get much clearer than this one. If they actively invite you back for another round of interviews, you’re in very good shape. But don’t forget that while a second interview is a great omen, it still means another round of prep. Aft er all, there could be other candidates coming back for a second interview as well, so it’s important not to go into the next interview thinking you have a job offer on the table just yet.4. You get a personal tourIf your interviewer brings you around the office to show you the space and introduce you to people, or calls people in to meet you, it shows they’re already thinking of you as a potential member of the team.5. The interview goes longA short interview isn’t necessarily a dealbreaker, but if your interview goes longer than the allotted time it likely means that the interviewer is interested enough to have a meaningful, in-depth conversation about the position and your qualifications for it. Particularly if you’re meeting with a single interviewer, a long conversation points to a great level of engagement.6. The interviewer goes into day-to-day job specificsMost interviewers will give an overview of the open position to make sure you understand the job. But if the interviewer takes the time to do a deep dive into the job’s responsibilities and integrates you into the discussion (â€Å"you would be doing X,† â€Å"you would be leading this project,† etc.), it suggests they already see you as a good fit.7. Your thank you note nets a responseNo matter what, you need to send a thank you note as a follow-up to your interview. The interviewer, however, is not obligated to respond in any way. If you send your thank you and you get a response (especially a quick one), it shows that your interviewer is engaged in the process and likely had a positive reaction to your conversation. Bonus points if there are specific references to a point you discussed, because that can help you tell if it’s just an automatic response on their part or a genuinely warm reaction. Tone is everything here.The waiting game after an interview can be one of the most frustrating parts of any job hunt. If you’re able to walk out of the room with any of these positive outcomes behind you, it can help reassure you that things really did go well, and that you’re on the right track for a second interview- or maybe even that job offer.